Jul 162013
 

 

lepto

It is the season to be aware of the possibility of Leptospirosis in your dog.  Mobile Animal Clinic continues to diagnose this disease and it reminds us that as dog owners, we need to be concerned in this hot, humid time of the year.  We are republishing our PET HEALTH ALERT from Spring of 2012 regarding this disease.

LEPTOSPIROSIS IN DOGS

WHAT IS IT? Leptospirosis is an ever-increasing concern for our dogs. It is a bacterial disease of the liver and kidneys. It spreads from wildlife, i.e., deer, raccoon, opossum, skunk, and some rodents. Leptospirosis is transmitted through the urine of wildlife into our pets’ water and food. This includes creeks and lakes, stagnant water, and our back yards after a rain. We see it most commonly in the summer and early fall months. Another concern is that people are also susceptible to this disease and can be infected through contact with their own pets

.SIGNS/SYMPTOMS: The signs of Leptospirosis are flu like in nature. Usually these include fever, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, depression and lethargy. The symptoms are not necessarily all present. It can progress to liver and kidney disease and even death. If you think your dog may have been exposed, or is showing any of these signs, it should be examined and proper tests submitted to the lab. Diagnosis consists of urine tests and several blood tests. It can take up to 5 days to get a confirmed diagnosis, but treatment will begin immediately if leptospirosis is suspected. Treatment consists of supportive care for the pet. This includes IV fluids and hospitalization along with a 30-day course of antibiotics, beginning with a series of antibiotic injections.The other dogs in the house may also need to be tested since they may have been exposed, but are not currently showing any symptoms. If the tests come back positive they will also be treated with a 30-day course of antibiotics. Because they are not symptomatic, they do not require hospitalization unless further signs develop. This disease does not seem to affect cats.

PREVENTION: Leptospirosis can be prevented with a proper vaccination protocol. We start with a series of two vaccinations 3-4 weeks apart and then annual revaccination. In the past, there had been a concern for the vaccine because it had caused a significant number of vaccination reactions. We are currently using a purified vaccine that has been shown to have a reaction rate of only 0.008% (8/100,000), which is significantly lower than the other vaccines that were available. We now feel confident we can safely vaccinate our dogs without significant concern for reactions to the vaccine. Because of the increasing rate of diagnosis of dogs in the Omaha area, we are recommending vaccination of our house dogs and especially hunting dogs.

This is a conservative, but safe and effective response to the increasing incidence of the deadly disease of Leptospirosis in our area.

For more information, you can access Leptoinfo.com which is a paid advertisement but the information is good.

For more information or to schedule an appointment, please call us at 333-3847

page1image25600 page1image25768 page1image25928 page1image26088 page1image26248 page1image26408 page1image26568 page1image26728 page1image26888 page1image27048 page1image27208 page1image27368 page1image27528 page1image27688 page1image27848 page1image28008 page1image28168 page1image28328 page1image28488 page1image28648 page1image28808 page1image28968 page1image29128 page1image29288 page1image29448 page1image29608 page1image29768 page1image29928 page1image30088 page1image30248 page1image30408 page1image30568 page1image30728 page1image30888 page1image31048 page1image31208 page1image31368 page1image31528 page1image31688 page1image31848 page1image32008 page1image32168 page1image32328 page1image32488 page1image32648 page1image32808 page1image32968 page1image33128 page1image33288 page1image33448 page1image33608 page1image33768 page1image33928 page1image34088 page1image34248 page1image34408 page1image34568 page1image34728 page1image34888 page1image35048 page1image35208 page1image35368 page1image35528 page1image35688 page1image35848 page1image36008 page1image36168 page1image36328 page1image36488 page1image36912 page1image37336 page1image37496 page1image37656 page1image37816 page1image37976 page1image38136 page1image38296 page1image38456 page1image38616